A Small Change Can Make A Huge Difference

by Optimum Nutrition Admin

Minerals are necessary to maintain good healthMinerals are essential nutrients for every living cell in the human body, yet the majority of the population is woefully mineral deficient. Farming soil has been stripped of most of the essential minerals decades ago; consequently, our food is also severely deficient. Combined with the fact that many people’s diets consist primarily of processed foods which contain no usable minerals, we are literally starving to death for nutrition. While there are over 70 different minerals the body must consume on a daily basis, farmers are only replacing three into the soil in which are food is grown. The following are the determinations of a U.S. Senate subcommittee reported way back in 1936 (Document No. 264):

“Our physical well-being is more directly dependent upon minerals we take into our systems than upon calories or vitamins, or upon precise proportions of starch, protein or carbohydrates we consume. Do you know that most of us today are suffering from certain dangerous diet deficiencies which cannot be remedied until depleted soils from which our food comes are brought into proper mineral balance?

The alarming fact is that foods (fruits, vegetables and grains) now being raised on millions of acres of land that no longer contain enough of certain minerals are starving us – no matter how much of them we eat. No man of today can eat enough fruits and vegetables to supply his system with the minerals he requires for perfect health because his stomach is not big enough to hold them.

The truth is that our foods vary enormously in value, and some of them aren’t worth eating as food… Our physical well-being is more directly dependent upon the minerals we take into our systems than upon calories or vitamins or upon the precise proportions of starch, protein or carbohydrates we consume. This talk about minerals is novel and quite startling. In fact, a realization of the importance of minerals in food is so new that the text books on nutritional dietetics contain very little about it. Nevertheless, it is something that concerns all of us, and the further we delve into it the more startling it becomes.

You’d think, wouldn’t you, that a carrot is a carrot – that one is about as good as another as far as nourishment is concerned? But it is not; one carrot may look and taste like another and yet be lacking in the particular mineral element which our system requires and which carrots are supposed to contain. Laboratory test prove that the fruits, the vegetables, the grains, the eggs, and even the milk and the meats of today are not what they were a few generations ago (which doubtless explains why our forefathers thrived on a selection of foods that would starve us!)

No man today can eat enough fruits and vegetables to supply his stomach with the mineral salts he requires for perfect health, because his stomach is not big enough to hold them! No longer does a balanced and fully nourishing diet consist merely of so many calories or certain vitamins or fixed proportion of starches, proteins and carbohydrates. We know that our diets must contain in addition something like a score of minerals salts.

It is bad news to learn from our leading authorities that 99% of the American people are deficient in these minerals, and that a marked deficiency in any one of the more important minerals actually results in disease. Any upset of the balance, any considerable lack of one or another element, however microscopic the body requirement may be, we sicken, suffer and shorten our lives.

We know that vitamins are complex chemical substances which are indispensable to nutrition, and that each of them is of importance for normal function of some special structure in the body. Disorder and disease result from any vitamin deficiency. It is not commonly realized, however, that vitamins control the body’s appropriation of minerals, and in the absence of mineral’s they have no function to perform. Lacking vitamins, the system can make some use of minerals, but lacking minerals, vitamins are useless.

Certainly our physical well-being is more directly dependent upon the minerals we take into our systems than upon calories or vitamins or upon the precise proportions of starch, protein and of carbohydrates we consume. This discovery is one of the latest and most important contributions of science to the problem of human health.”

Needless to say, the critical problem of depleted soil and our corresponding health issues due to mineral deficiencies has only worsened in the subsequent 80 years. Defined in the study of human nutrition as all the inorganic elements or molecules required for life, minerals assist in body functions such as energy production, growth and healing.  Minerals are required for fluid balance, blood and bone development, maintaining a healthy nervous system and regulating muscles, including heart muscles.  Minerals, like vitamins, function as coenzymes.  They participate in all enzyme reactions in the body and help in the assimilation and use of vitamins and other nutrients.

Minerals occur either as macrominerals (bulk minerals) or microminerals (trace minerals).  While our bodies need more marcominerals, such as calcium and magnesium, than it does microminerals, both are essential for life.  Minerals should be obtained from a diet that consists primarily of raw plants (fruits, vegetables, herbs, etc.).  The source of the minerals that should be contained in these plants develops in a sequence that takes millions of years.  This process begins with rock formation, the breakdown of rock into mineral salts, assimilation of these salts into soil and finally the absorption of the minerals by the edible plants.

Trace and bulk minerals are stored in muscles and bones and delivered to tissue cells through blood circulation.  They work together synergistically and must be chemically balanced in the body.  If a mineral is deficient or out of balance, it can affect all the others, often resulting in illness.  If phosphorus, for example, is present at high levels, calcium levels will be reduced because the two minerals compete for absorption.  Similarly, too much calcium will deplete magnesium and so on.  A person suffering from malnutrition will likely be deficient in a variety of minerals.  All uncorrected mineral deficiencies can affect body functions, produce symptoms and result in illness.

The following is a partial list of minerals required by the human body.  In all, there 73 bulk and trace minerals needed to maintain optimal health.


  • Calcium – essential for strong bones and teeth, healthy gums, and bone growth and mineral density in children.  Calcium helps regulate the heart rate and nerve impulses, lower cholesterol, prevent atherosclerosis, develop muscles and prevent muscle cramping.  Calcium is an important component of blood clotting.  Calcium and phosphorus are closely related minerals that should be balanced. About 99 % of calcium and 85 % of phosphate occur in the skeleton as crystals of calcium phosphate.  Calcium deficiency due to lack of dietary calcium occurs frequently.  Vitamin D deficiency will contribute to a calcium as vitamin D is required for efficient absorption of dietary calcium.  Significant depletion of calcium stores can lead to bone fractures, bone infection, reduced bone density, osteoporosis and arthritis.
  • Magnesium – assists in the utilization of calcium and potassium and functions in enzyme reactions to produce energy.  Magnesium protects the lining of arteries and helps form bones.  It helps prevent cardiovascular disease, osteoporosis, and some cancers.  By acting in combination with vitamin B6, magnesium can help prevent or dissolve calcium oxylate kidney stones, the most common kind of stones.  Dietary magnesium deficiency is fairly common but occurs much more frequently in chronic alcoholics, persons taking diuretic drugs and as a result of severe, prolonged diarrhea or infection.
  • Sodium – an electrolyte that most people mistakenly believe is received in abundance through their diet.  In reality, very few people consume naturally occurring sodium found primarily in unheated sea salts. Salt purchased in the average food market or added to processed foods is a heavily processed, toxin laden isolate possessing little, if any, beneficial attributes.  Severe sodium deficiency (hyponatremia) arising most often after excessive losses of body fluid (dehydration) during prolonged and severe diarrhea or vomiting.  Sodium and potassium are both electrolytes that must be balanced in the body.  Together, they control fluid balance through a mechanism called “the sodium/potassium pump.”  Prolonged imbalances in sodium and potassium can contribute to heart disease.
  • Potassium – important for a healthy nervous system and a steady heart rate, helps to prevent stroke, and, with sodium, is critical in maintaining fluid balance.  Potassium, an electrolyte, must be balanced with sodium. Potassium deficiency is usually associated with sodium deficiency and both are associated with dehydration stemming from excessive losses of body fluid.
  • Phosphorus – helps form bones and teeth, supports cell growth, and regulates heart muscle contraction and kidney function.  Phosphorus converts food to energy and supports the utilization of vitamins.  Phosphorus deficiency is rare because meat and animal by-products are such a large component of most people’s diet.  In fact, excessive amounts of phosphorus contribute to calcium deficiency as the body uses calcium stores to counterbalance a phosphorus influx.  Phosphorus is closely related to calcium and the two minerals should be in balance with each other and with magnesium.  Deficiency in one will affect all and will ultimately have an unwanted effect on body function. Calcium and phosphorus are stored in the bones as crystals of calcium phosphate.


  • Boron – required for healthy bones, brain function, alertness, and the metabolism of bulk minerals such as calcium, phosphorus, and magnesium. A deficiency in boron is often associated with vitamin D deficiency. Boron can help prevent osteoporosis in postmenopausal women by promoting calcium absorption.
  • Chromium – required for maintaining energy levels.  Chromium helps metabolize glucose and stabilize glucose levels.  It helps the body manufacture and use cholesterol and protein.
  • Copper – helps form healthy bones, joints, and nerves as well as hemoglobin and red blood cells.  Copper contributes to healing, energy production and hair and skin color.  It is essential in forming collagen for healthy bones and connective tissue and helps prevent osteoporosis.  Copper deficiency is most commonly seen in people with bone conditions such as arthritis and osteoporosis.
  • Germanium – helps improve the delivery of oxygen to tissues and remove toxins and poisons from the body.  Germanium gives garlic its natural antibiotic properties.
  • Iodine – helps promote healthy physical and mental development in children.  Iodine is required for thyroid gland function and metabolizing fats. Iodine is needed to make thyroid hormone, which has a variety of roles in human embryo development.  A deficiency during pregnancy can cause serious birth defects.  Deficiency in adults can result in an enlarged thyroid gland (goiter) in the neck.
  • Iron – critical in the production of hemoglobin, the oxygen-carrying protein in red blood cells and myoglobin found in muscle tissue.  Iron is essential for important enzyme reactions, growth, and maintaining a healthy immune system.  In the blood, iron is found in larger amounts than any other mineral.  Iron deficiency causes anemia (low hemoglobin and reduced numbers of red blood cells), which results in tiredness and shortness of breath because of poor oxygen delivery.
  • Manganese – essential for metabolizing fat and protein, regulating blood glucose and supporting immune system and nervous system function.  Manganese is necessary for normal bone growth and cartilage development.  It is involved in reproductive functions and helps produce mother’s milk.  Along with B vitamins, manganese produces feelings of well-being.  Deficiency can lead to convulsions, vision and hearing problems, muscle contractions, tooth-grinding and other problems in children; and atherosclerosis, heart disease, and hypertension in older adults.
  • Molybdenum – found in bones, kidneys and liver.  Only extremely small amounts are needed to metabolize nitrogen and promote proper cell function.  A diet low in these foods can lead to mouth and gum problems and cancer.
  • Selenium – an important antioxidant that works with vitamin E to protect the immune system, heart, and liver and may help prevent tumor formation.
  • Silicon – helps form bones and connective tissue, nails, skin, and hair.  Silicon is important in preventing cardiovascular disease.
  • Sulfur – disinfects the blood and helps to rid the body of harmful bacteria and toxic substances.
  • Vanadium – vital to cell metabolism, and helps reduce cholesterol and form healthy bones and teeth.  Vanadium functions in reproduction.  Deficiencies may be associated with heart and kidney disease and reproductive disorders.
  • Zinc – important in the growth of reproductive organs and regulation of oil glands.  Zinc is required for protein synthesis, immune system function, protection of the liver, collagen formation and wound healing.  A component of insulin and major body enzymes, zinc helps vitamin absorption, particularly vitamins A and E.  A symptom of zinc deficiency is white spots or streaks in the finger and toe nails.

pH As A Measure Of Health

pH (potential Hydrogen) is the body’s regulatory function that controls cell processes.  Whether a substance is alkaline or acidic is determined by its pH.  While the full range of the pH scale is 0 (the highest acidity) to 14 (the highest alkalinity) with 7.0 being neutral, 5.5 to 8.0 is the range pertinent to the human body.   The body strives to maintain an ideal blood pH of 7.366.  Blood pH can easily be determined by muscle testing (see The Greatest Single Discovery In History); however, most people use pH paper to test urine pH.  Even with an ideal blood pH of 7.366, urine pH can vary widely because it is a waste product which the body does not attempt to regulate.  In fact, the kidneys use urine to remove acid from the body.  This being said, a truly healthy person free of any infections who maintains an all raw diet should have a urine pH above 7.0.

The pH of one’s tissues and body fluids is a reflection of one’s overall health.  The closer the pH is to 7.366, the greater the body’s ability to resist states of disease and the onset of symptomologies.  The pH scale is similar to a thermometer but gauges fluctuations in the acid and alkaline content of a cell.  Deviations above or below 7.366 in the blood pH, which cells so vigorously work to maintain, can signal potentially serious and dangerous symptoms or states of disease.  When the body can no longer effectively neutralize and eliminate the acids, it relocates them within the body’s extra-cellular fluids and connective tissue cells directly compromising cellular integrity.

Infections, toxins, radiation, malnutrition and stress all contribute to a low (acidic) pH levels.  When the body becomes acidic, it has difficulty absorbing and utilizing nutrients.  The more acidic one becomes, the more the body is exposed to infective agents and cellular mutation.  Parasites, bacteria, viruses, cancer and other pathogens thrive in an acidic environment.  Additionally, as the pH declines, less oxygen is available to the blood, tissues, glands and organs.  An alkaline body is an overall healthier body.  When the body’s blood pH achieves an alkaline balance, it is more readily assimilate nutrients and repel infections and contagions.  In an alkaline environment, there is abundant oxygen.  Small changes of 1/10 to 2/10 in pH can mean 10 to 20 times more oxygen availability.    Low pH could be due several different factors, the most common of which is a mineral deficient diet.  The small intestine losing its ability to absorb minerals and/or the kidney’s losing their ability to reabsorb sodium, calcium, potassium and magnesium will also contribute to mineral deficiencies which will cause low pH.

The body has other methods beside the urinary system for establishing and maintaining its vital acid/alkaline balance.   When carbon dioxide (CO2) is dissolved in liquid it forms carbonic acid.  The lungs expel excessive amounts of CO2 to prevent acid creation.  The circulatory system is also endowed with complex systems to maintain perfect pH.   Unfortunately, there are many factors that cause these protective systems to be overwhelmed, resulting in an acidic internal ecology.  Due to a nutritionally deficient diet of cooked and processed foods combined with long-term exposure to stress, toxins, infections, electromagnetic fields and radiation, bodily functions deteriorate and allow for the accumulation of acid which translates into increased susceptibility to illness.

Acidosis is what happens when the acid/alkaline balance of the body has become overly acidic.  Acute acidosis has been recognized as a contributing factor in many health conditions such as gout, heartburn, gastritis, sore muscles, osteoarthritis, osteoporosis, skin diseases, obesity, parasitic infections, heart disease and cancer.  Some symptoms of acidosis include lack of energy, constipation, digestive problems, gout, joint pain, chronic skin rashes, allergies, high blood pressure, reduced immune functions and weight gain.

A Minor Dietary Change Can Have A Tremendous Impact On Overall Health

As stated earlier, minerals are essential for healthy cell function and regeneration.  No cell, organ or system works alone, just as no nutrient works alone.  Minerals in general, and calcium specifically, assist in the body’s never ending battle to preserve a perfect pH.   The elimination of all infections and toxic substances from the body along with proper nutrition are the keys to maintaining an ideal pH.  Unfortunately, most of the food available to us is devoid of any mineral content.  Decades of commercial farming has long since stripped the soil of most of the vital minerals we need.  Although plants are able to create vitamins internally, they acquire minerals externally from water and soil.  Even if the plants contained the essential minerals, most people do eat nearly enough fruits and vegetables to provide the healthful amounts necessary.

Needless to say, all of us who are not growing their own food in virgin soil require a supplement in order to obtain the 73 minerals our bodies need.  However, as previously detailed, it takes millions of years for the natural processes of this planet to provide minerals in a form that can be easily assimilated by our bodies.  We cannot simply crush rocks into a powder and expect our bodies to be able to absorb the minerals contain therein.  But that is exactly what the majority of the supplement manufacturers sell – crushed rock.  In many products, these crushed rocks are processed into toxic isolates which not only have no nutritional value, they are actually detrimental to the body.  Minerals need to “broken down” into an absorbable form that is usable to the body.

Coral minerals, also known as coral calcium, are derived from dead coral reefs and are the single best source of the 73 essential minerals.  The once live coral animals have already digested the minerals making them available in an ionic form which is even smaller and more absorbable than a colloidal.  However, not all coral minerals are the same.  Some coral mineral products come from dead coral harvested from the ocean (below-sea).  This source of coral is saturated with toxins including heavy metals.  In an attempt to remove these contaminants, the coral is exposed to extreme high.  Not only does this process fail to eliminate all toxins, it also denatures the coral.  Above-sea coral, which is a far superior source, does not contain toxins.  The coral has existed above sea level prior to the pollution of the oceans which begin with the industrial revolution.  The coral is pristine and does not need to be heated.  Unheated, above-sea Japanese coral has a balanced ratio of calcium to magnesium that is naturally ionized..  Inferior types of coral (below-sea in particular) are not able to move or maintain an ideal pH.  Once the body becomes alkaline through the use of coral minerals, its entire metabolism can return to normal.

Too many people buy mineral supplements without understanding their effect on the body, especially colloidal minerals.  Colloidal mineral products typically do not contain enough calcium, magnesium and other bulk (macro) minerals in relation to the levels of trace minerals.  Consequently, the body receives too much of the trace minerals while remain macromineral deficient.  This can eventually throw the mineral balance into chaos, often leaving one worse off than when one started.  One must have minerals in their proper ratios.  Additionally, most of the supplements available on the market are extremely poor quality and possess little if any nutritional value. In fact, many products are actually toxic and detrimental to your health. To learn more about inferior supplements read “Beware of Toxic Supplements.”

The body must reduce any form of calcium into its ionized form in order to use it.  Since up to 92% of the calcium in above-sea coral is already ionized, the body can use the calcium immediately without having to break it down.  This is great news for the elderly and those with poor digestion.  A key role of ionized calcium is to neutralize acidic compounds anywhere in the body, before damage takes place.  Ionized calcium is critical in order to help promote cleansing.   Even a great herbal detox will not work very well without ionized calcium.


  1. JeffK January 23, 2014 at 9:41 pm

    Wow, this is a ton of information. I had no idea that our food was so bad.

  2. Ipahome February 18, 2014 at 6:51 pm

    I am a vegetarian and I am constantly being diagnosis as zinc deficient. I tried Coral Calcium and while it helped, I was still zinc deficient. What am I supposed to do?

  3. Optimum Nutrition Admin February 18, 2014 at 7:05 pm

    Zinc deficiency is the one mineral deficiency above-sea Coral Calcium may not eliminate. There are many health issues that could result in a zinc deficient there fore the best solution is to correctly identify the underlying cause and correct it. Adding organic raw oats to your diet may be helpful and look for a high quality liquid zinc supplement to add to your supplementation regimen. Premier Research Labs produces an excellent, highly absorbable zinc supplement called Liquid Zinc Assay.

  4. maggiemay April 3, 2014 at 5:26 pm

    It sounds like the government actually cared about us back in the 30′s. Nowadays it seems they do everything they can to destroy our health, our freedoms and our livelihoods. Great article – thanks for sharing.

  5. RobertColeman June 30, 2014 at 3:53 pm

    As a geologist, I can confirm that our farming soil has been devoid of the essential minerals for many decades. The primary cause for the poor health of the soil, besides over farming, is that we have successfully prevented much of the flooding that would have regularly and naturally replenished the earth with vital nutrients. As this article states, anyone depending on commercially grown produce to supply the minerals needed on a daily basis to remain healthy has made a serious mistake.

  6. runelp July 22, 2014 at 2:14 pm

    Great article, very eye opening!

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